All participants are non-profit organizations which have chosen an electronic community network on the World Wide Web as a method of delivering information to the public. The Foundations of Social Research: Handbook of Research Design and Social Measurement. Prepare to Collect the Data The researcher prepares to collect data by first contacting each organization to be studied to gain their cooperation, explain the purpose of the study, and assemble key contact information.
In the course of a first appraisal of the material the data locations are marked, and in a second scrutiny these are processed and extracted. Bounding the case is essential to focusing, framing, and managing data collection and analysis.
Exemplary case studies use field notes and databases to categorize and reference data so that it is readily available for subsequent reinterpretation.
The choice of which design to apply depends on the nature of the problems posed by the research aims. The new interventional strategies are carried out, and this cyclic process repeats, continuing until a sufficient understanding of [or a valid implementation solution for] the problem is achieved.
Evaluate and Analyze the Data The researcher examines raw data using many interpretations in order to find linkages between the research object and the outcomes with reference to the original research questions. This paper explains how to use the case study method and then applies the method to an example case study project designed to examine how one set of users, non-profit organizations, make use of an electronic community network.
Investigators need to be good listeners who can hear exactly the words being used by those interviewed. Often these terms are used interchangeably without definitional clarity.
Action research is much harder to write up because it is less likely that you can use a standard format to report your findings effectively [i. The limitation is that the sources must be both authentic and valid.
We begin with an overview of the history and evolution of case study research, followed by a discussion of the methodological and philosophical variations found within case study designs. Sage, ; Levin, Kate Ann. According to YIN what makes case study research distinct from experimental studies is the case study is investigated in context, examined in its "real world setting" p.
The researcher considers multiple sources of data for this study and selects document examination, the gathering and study of organizational documents such as administrative reports, agendas, letters, minutes, and news clippings for each of the organizations.
The steps of inductive category development are displayed in Figure 2. The qualitative step of analysis consists of a methodologically controlled assignment of the category to a passage of text MAYRING, a, .
However, depending on the depth and range of the extant literature, the initial focus of the case study may be quite focused or broad and open-ended. This positioning reflects the axiology of postpositivism where maintaining intellectual honesty, managing bias, and acknowledging limitations, coupled with meticulous data collection and accurate reporting are critical elements in the conduct of research KILLAM, ; YIN, Final report distribution includes all participants.
Alternatively it may be chosen because of researchers' in-depth local knowledge; where researchers have this local knowledge they are in a position to "soak and poke" as Richard Fenno put it,  and thereby to offer reasoned lines of explanation based on this rich knowledge of setting and circumstances.
The researcher begins with a review of the literature to determine what prior studies have determined about this issue and uses the literature to define the following questions for the study of the non-profit organizations providing information to the electronic community network: Prepare the report Exemplary case studies report the data in a way that transforms a complex issue into one that can be understood, allowing the reader to question and examine the study and reach an understanding independent of the researcher.
Once the surveys are returned, the researcher codes and enters the data into the database so that it can be used independently as well as integrated when the case study progresses to the point of cross-case examination of data for all four cases.
They record testimonies, stories, and illustrations which can be used in later reports. Research methods in librarianship, techniques and interpretation.
Creating Robust Approaches for the Social Sciences. Rethinking the library in the information age: The researcher also gathers computer generated log data from the network and, using this data, determines that an in-depth study of representative organizations from four categories -- health care, environmental, education, and religious -- is feasible.
According to JOHANSSONRobert YIN followed this progress, and drawing on scientific approaches to research gained from his background in the social sciences, applied experimental logic to naturalistic inquiry, and blended this with qualitative methods, further bridging the methodological gap and strengthening the methodological quality of case study research.
A useful step in the selection process is to repeatedly refer back to the purpose of the study in order to focus attention on where to look for cases and evidence that will satisfy the purpose of the study and answer the research questions posed.
How do non-profit organization participants determine what to place on the electronic community network?. The Case Study as a Research Method Uses and Users of Information -- LIS D.1 -- Spring Introduction Case study research excels at bringing us to an understanding of a complex issue or object and can extend experience or add strength to what is already known through previous research.
Robert K. Yin COSMOS Corporation. Robert K. Yin is President of COSMOS Corporation, an applied research and social science firm. Over the years, COSMOS has successfully completed hundreds of projects for federal agencies, state and local agencies, and private foundations.
Case study as a research method Zaidah Zainal [email protected] of individuals as the subjects of study. Case studies, in their true essence, explore and.
case study as a research method 2 case study as a research method 4 Yin () cautions researchers against any attempt to separate these categories or to conceive. The case study research design have evolved over the past few years as a useful tool for investigating trends and specific situations in many scientific disciplines.
This article is. Abstract. Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions.
Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin’s bestselling text Case Study Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool/5(8).Case study research methodology yin